CVOR Points


Are you a commercial vehicle driver or a vehicle owner, whose driver has committed a traffic offence? Do you wonder whether there is a defense to the charge?

The Commercial Vehicle Operator’s Registration (CVOR) System

The Commercial Vehicle Operator’s Registration (CVOR) System is part of the Carrier Safety Rating (CSR) program and was developed by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario as part of Ontario’s ongoing commitment to road safety. These programs promote the safe operation of trucks and buses on Ontario’s roadways.

The “commercial motor vehiclesinclude trucks that have a registered gross weight of over 4,500kg, and buses that can carry ten or more passengers. Owners/operators of these vehicles must apply for, obtain and renew a Commercial Vehicle Operator’s Registration (CVOR) certificate.

Started in July 1989, CVOR became mandatory for all persons/business/organizations/etc. responsible for heavy commercial vehicles: they have to register as a commercial vehicle operator. This system identifies commercial vehicle operators and facilitates the monitoring of on-road safety performance.

To operate in Ontario, commercial vehicle carriers must follow the laws and regulations that apply to the operation of trucks and buses, which includes, but is not limited to:

  • The Highway Traffic Act
  • Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act
  • Public Vehicles Act
  • Motor Vehicle Transport Act
  • Compulsory Automobile Insurance Act
  • Fuel Tax Act

No person shall drive or operate a commercial motor vehicle on a highway unless the operator is the holder of a valid CVOR certificate. Every driver of a commercial motor vehicle shall carry the original or a copy of: the CVOR certificate issued to the operator of the vehicle; or the lease of the vehicle if it is a leased vehicle; and where the operator has been issued fleet limitation certificates, a fleet limitation certificate. Every driver of a commercial motor vehicle shall, upon the demand of a police officer, surrender for inspection the documents that are required to be carried.

No operator or owner of a commercial motor vehicle shall operate the vehicle or cause or permit the vehicle to be operated on a highway unless, in addition to the minimum liability insurance required under the Compulsory Automobile Insurance Act, motor vehicle liability insurance in the amount prescribed by the regulations is carried for the vehicle with an insurer licensed under the Insurance Act. Every driver of a commercial motor vehicle shall carry evidence that the vehicle is insured and shall surrender the evidence for reasonable inspection upon the demand of a police officer.

The Ministry of Transportation of Ontario monitors commercial vehicle carriers and assigns each a Safety Rating based on several factors: collisions, inspections, and convictions, as well as the results of facility audits. Each commercial vehicle carrier is responsible for monitoring its CVOR record and the performance information it provides, including violation rates, thresholds, audit scores and resulting Safety Rating. The carrier should identify and address problem areas in order to improve its commercial motor vehicle safety performance.

Conviction Code Table

The Conviction Code Table lists offences applicable to commercial motor vehicle operators and their drivers. A police officer may lay a charge against a driver or carrier/operator. Convictions resulting from charges are recorded on a carrier’s CVOR abstract with point values based on severity. All convictions that are administrative in nature are zero pointed.

If you want to see the entire Conviction Code Table, go to the website of the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario:

Convictions for offences that occurred in other Canadian jurisdictions are received by MTO via a data exchange system with a CCMTA code and a general description of the offence grouped in this code category. Only those out of province convictions that occurred after April 1, 2007, will appear on a CVOR carrier abstract. These convictions groupings can be found on the CCMTA Equivalency sheet.